Main properties of essential oils

The following will only give you a brief overview of this vast subject but we hope it will convince you of the extraordinary power of essential oils and will incite you to read more about this fascinating subject. In the page "ALL OUR ESSENTIAL OILS", we present in more detail all the essential oils used in our products and their most notable properties.

We have listed in the following table the main properties of essential oils, each time with a few examples of essential oils having this property and the main potential applications for horses. Please note that some of the oils mentioned require precautions for use (dosage/dilution, routes of administration to avoid/favour, contraindications for gestating mares or foals, risks of photosensitization, risks of allergies, etc). We thus recommend that you always get advice from a qualified aromatherapist before using essential oils or that you use ready-made products such as ours.

Main properties of essential oils

Examples of essential oils having these properties

Main indications for horses

antibacterial, antifungal

- cinnamon (cinnamomum zeylanicum or cinnamomum cassia)

- oregano (origanum compactum)

- tea tree (melaleuca alternifolia)

- clove  (eugenia caryophyllata)

- thyme (some chemotypes of thymus vulgaris)

- palmarosa (cymbopogon martinii)

- ajowan (trachyspermum ammi)

- bay tree (laurus nobilis)

Skin affections of bacterial or fungal origin.


Respiratory affections of bacterial origin.





- ajowan

- cinnamon

- thyme CT thymol (thymus vulgaris CT thymol)

- clove

- tea tree

- oregano

- Atlas cedar (cedrus atlantica)

- Roman chamomile (chamaemelum nobile)

Skin affections of parasitic origin.


Intestinal parasites.



- most citrus essences (e.g., citrus limonum, citrus sinensis, citrus paradisii)

- eucalyptus globulus (eucalyptus globulus)

- eucalyptus radiata (eucalyptus radiata ssp radiata)



Through air diffusion: purification of the air.


- ravintsara (cinnamomum camphora CT cineole)

- niaouli (melaleuca quinquenervia CT cineole)

- eucalyptus radiata

- tea tree

- oregano

- bay tree

Respiratory affections of viral origin.


Stimulation of the immune system.


Skin affections of viral origin.


- eucalyptus radiata

- cypress (cupressus sempervirens)

- inula (inula graveolens)

Cough. Some essential oils are indicated for dry coughs, others for chesty coughs.

expectorant, mucolytic

- eucalyptus radiata

- eucalyptus globulus

- ravintsara

- niaouli

- rosemary CT cineole (rosmarinus officinalis CT cineole)

- inula

Respiratory affections with excessive mucous production.


Chesty coughs.


- Italian everlasting (helichrysum italicum ssp serotinum)

- wintergreen (gaultheria procumbens)

- lemon eucalyptus (eucalyptus citriodora)

- lavandin super (lavandula burnatii clone super)

- exotic verbena (litsea citrata)  

Affections of the locomotive system of inflammatory origin (tendon strains, muscle or joint inflammations, windgalls, etc.)

Skin inflammations.

Shocks, traumas.


- basil (ocimum basilicum)

- tarragon (artemisia dracunculus)

- lavender (lavandula officinalis)

- lavandin super

- wintergreen

- Italian everlasting

Stiff muscles. Muscle cramps.

Recovery after work-outs.


Dry coughs, spasmodic coughs.

Gastric or intestinal spasms.


- tarragon

- blue tansy (tanacetum annuum)

- Roman chamomile

General treatment for allergic terrain.

Respiratory allergies.

Skin allergies.


- spike lavender (lavandula spica)

- lavender, lavandin super

- bay tree

- basil

- wintergreen

- lemon eucalyptus

- peppermint (mentha piperita)

- Roman chamomile

Muscle or joint pain.

Recovery after work-outs.


Shocks, traumas.


- spike lavender, lavender, lavandin super

- Italian everlasting

- rockrose (cistus ladaniferus CT pinene)

- myrrh (commiphora molmol)

Burns, small injuries, cracked skin.


Skin inflammations and irritations.


- Italian everlasting

- bay tree

Shocks, traumas.

decongesting, stimulating and draining for the venous and lymphatic systems

- mastic tree (pistacia lentiscus)

- cypress

- Eastern red cedar (juniperus virginiana)

- Atlas cedar

- niaouli

Swelling of the legs.

calming, relaxing, soothing

- Roman chamomile

- marjoram (origanum majorana)

- petit grain (citrus aurantium ssp aurantium (leaf))

- ylang ylang (cananga odorata totum or extra)

- mandarin (citrus reticulata (rind))

- lavender

- basil

Stress, nervousness, anxiety, irritability.


Essential oils have many other properties such as for example insect-repellent, antipruriginous, anti-dandruff, draining (in particular for the liver and kidneys), digestive (facilitation of the intestinal transit, reduction of intestinal gas, liver stimulation), tonifying and energising properties.

Essentials oils also have an effect on the psyche through olfaction. Some of them will for example be helpful for fearful, anxious or irritable horses, for over-excited stallions, to help regulate heats of a mare or to facilitate weaning of a foal. Other essential oils will help improve certain behaviour problems like tics.

While it appears clearly that essential oils can be very beneficial to improve the health and well being of horses, we must emphasize once again that these substances are extremely powerful and that they may potentially be harmful if used ill-advisedly and without in-depth knowledge. While it is perfectly possible to safely use certain essential oils to remedy minor ailments of the horse, any intention to treat a more serious condition with essential oils will require the intervention of a qualified aromatherapist acting in association with a veterinarian. Essential oils nevertheless remain a wonderful tool to help prevent illnesses and stimulate the body’s self-healing capabilities.

Continue reading: >> 10 must-have essential oils